The report analysis the outlines of elements that constitute the physical torture. These elements are severe pain or suffering, intentionality, purposefulness and powerlessness. The act of the torture results in intense pain or suffering in the victim because of psychological suffering cause the physical problems; where the torturer knows the result of the act and the will of torturer is to force or manipulate the victim meanwhile the victim feel the powerlessness by the threats or a deprivation of the legal rights.
The most common developing methods of torture are the “fear” and “attacks on one’s ability to exercise self-control”. The Human Rights Committee and the European Court of Human Rights share the approach that intentional ve purposeful infliction of fear are key features of psychological torture. Moreover, overexposure of light, music, odors, the temperature that causes mental stress, blocks clear thinking and results in the subsequent irritability, anger, exhaustion, and despair is the attack on one’s ability to exercise self-control.
Finally, the report underlines that physical and psychological torture are both violations of international human rights.
Legal Intern Tuba Kızılkaya
Güneş & Güneş Law Firm