What is domestic violence?

According to the definitions made in the Law on the Protection of the Family and the Prevention of Violence Against Women; “Attitudes and behaviors that are applied to women simply because they are women or that cause a violation of women's human rights by gender-based discrimination fall under the definition of Violence Against Woman."

In the same law, violence is defined as any kind of psychological, verbal or economic attitude and behavior including physical, or sexual acts that occur in the social, public or private sphere, acts that result in or are likely to result in physical, sexual, psychological or economic harm or suffering to the person, threats and coercion or arbitrary deprivation of freedom.

Domestic violence, on the other hand, is physical, sexual, economic or psychological violence against one's spouse, children, mother, father, siblings or close relatives. The concept of domestic violence is quite broad. It is not necessary to be exposed to physical violence in order to benefit from this law. Many acts of oppression against members of the family were seen as violence within the framework of this law and were prohibited. Many behaviors such as constant humiliation within the family, taking all the money earned by the woman, threats to act or not to act, forced marriage and the restriction of freedom are all examples of behaviors which are considered as violence ​within the framework of this law.

Apart from this, if the alimony ordered by the Family Court judge is not paid by the debtor, enforcement proceedings can be initiated against the alimony debtor. In accordance with the 206th provision of the Execution and Bankruptcy Law, all kinds of alimony receivables arising from family law that have accrued in the last one year before the announcement of bankruptcy are receivables at the first place.

According to Article 93 of the Social Insurance and General Health Insurance Law No. 5510, as a rule, the debtor's consent is required in order for the pension to be seized. On the other hand this is also limited by the same article stating that alimony debts are excluded from the consent of the debtor. In other words the ​pension of the alimony debtor can be seized.